CENTRE FOR FEMINIST STUDIES – Palestine
A Contributive Research Project (under-construction):
Applied Sociology/sociology of Intervention/clinical sociology/socio-analyze approach.
The French sociology:
- The contribution of the “Institutional Analysis” and/or the “Socio-analysis” of Georges Lapassade, Remi Hess, René Lourau as the essence of The Sociology of Intervention in the social field and specially in the feminist questions. These women and gender issues would benefit from the French sociology of organization (Michel Crozier), the Socio-psychoanalysis (Gérard Mendel, Vincent de Gaulejc), the Psycho-social-intervention (Bourdieu, Jean Dubost, Eugène Enriquez[i]), the Psychoanalysis of groups and the Group Psychodynamic (Didier Anzieu, René Kaes).
- The contribution of the Ethical Philosophy for “Change” of Marie-Louise Pellegrin, disciple of G. Lapassade, and creator of the “Consortium of Euro-Mediterranean Universities” (CUEM)[ii]. MLP elaborated the theory of the “enunciative categories” as the language categories that are not simply instruments of communication, but mainly “acts to perform the world”. Otherwise, there is no intervention in the social field as well as in the feminine and gender positions, roles, status out of (or apart from) these categories.
The Anglo-Saxon sociology:
- The contribution of the Anglo-Saxon socio-analysis (Earl Hopper, Haim Weinberg) exploring the internal and interconnected dynamics of social structures and their hidden and profound meaning (Susan Long) has represented a powerful theoretical instrument for understanding the social unconscious but it was also Assimilated to a fate of behavioral science. A kind of utilitarian science applied for pragmatic purposes (performance at work, personality evaluation, emotional stability, etc.).in this sens, a critical analyze of this contribution is highly necessary.
- The contribution of the Applied and clinical sociologies in the perspectives of women/gender studies are complementary approaches. The employment of sociological standpoints and its tools in the understanding of the social life, the women and gender issues and/or the utilization of these perspectives to intervene, to enhance, to change some aspects of the Social, are considered as what define the sociological practice as whole (see the American definition for the Clinical and Applied sociologies below)[iii].
[i] In the French sociology of practice, Eugène Enriquez, made the most connection between the different tendencies of the French psycho-sociology. His work about the “clinic of the power” articulated the unconscious dimension with life inside the institutions, organizations and groups. He analyzed the stakes of power, ethics, changes and sexuality in the intervention practices.
[ii] An interesting critical contribution to the sociological analysis performed by Professor Marie-Louise Pellegrin and by her colleagues of the “Consortium of Euro-Mediterranean Universities” – CUEM (conducted since 2002 in Italy (Sicily).
Prof. Pellegrin as an international and interdisciplinary think tank referring to linguistics, anthropology and psychoanalysis initiated the CUEM.
Marie-Louise Pellegrin, employed the concept of the « Analyzer » by presenting the « minorities » and the so-called « marginal » as an analyzer of the whole Occidental societies. This Analyzer is consider by her as a conceptual reference which reveal ,question, analyze the « majority » , its certitudes and its untouchable criteria belonging to its extreme positivist visions . To complete her critical approach of the Occidental thinking, Professor Pellegrin pays more attention to the non-occidental thinking and especially to the Mediterranean philosophies and cultures to take her distance from the occidental categories of thoughts, considered as universal once and for all.
Her rejection of the confinement in the only occidental culture seen as certain, obvious, superior, advanced and complete concern also an ethical consideration which is necessary to appreciate the “Other”, to understand him and to cohabite together in the mutual respect. The other is conceived as the alter ego of the “self”, that is to say the “other-me”. Other is both my neighbor and a different topic from me. It’s the cohabitation between the proximity and the distance, the familiarity and the strangeness.
This critical and ethical thinking take position concerning the questions related to the post-colonialism, to the women issues and to gender theory.
[iii] Clinical Sociology and Sociological Practice: “The …… term sociological practice involves two areas, clinical sociology and applied sociology. Clinical sociology emphasizes hands-on intervention while applied sociology emphasizes research for practical purposes. Both specialties require different kinds of specialized training. Some sociological practitioners are ‘‘clinical’’ in that they only or primarily do intervention work; others are ‘‘applied’’ in that they only or primarily conduct research that is of practical interest.
Some practitioners do both. Clinical sociologists, for instance, may conduct research before beginning an intervention project to assess the existing state of affairs, during an intervention (e.g., to study the process of adaptation), and/or after the completion of the intervention to evaluate the outcome of that intervention. For some clinical sociologists, the research activity is an important part of their own clinical work. These sociologists have appropriate research training and look for opportunities to conduct research. Other clinical sociologists prefer to concentrate on the interventions and leave any research to other team members. Those clinical sociologists who decide not to engage in research may have research skills but prefer to conduct interventions, may not have enough expertise in the conduct of research, or may know that other team members have more expertise in research.”